A highly crystalline, mesoporous and perovskite type CuZrO3 nanoparticles catalyst was prepared via a simple and facile one pot solvent evaporation method. The crystal planes (112) and (211) of CuZrO3 were evidenced in HRTEM and SAED imagery by their lattice parameters, 2.83 and 3.15 Å. Also, the crystallite size of synthesized catalyst was measured in a range of 7-10 nm. The catalyst was superior as it possessed many physiochemical properties to perform a liquid phase aerobic oxidation of vanillyl alcohol to selectively produce vanillin under base free conditions. Catalytic activity of the synthesized perovskite type CuZrO3 catalyst was substantially improved by the presence of surface oxygen vacancies speculated in O 1s spectra. Furthermore, a O2-TPD technique was applied to understand the role of surface oxygen vacancy in enhancing catalytic activity. Moreover, numerous partial and full lattice dislocated grain boundaries were observed as a form of structural defects between different planes in HRTEM imagery. The redox capability of this superior catalyst was significantly enriched by the high content of Zr loading and confirmed by low temperature reduction in H2-TPR analysis. Excellent catalytic behavior of CuZrO3 (Cu:2Zr) catalyst (91% conversion and 76% selectivity to vanillin) in liquid phase aerobic oxidation was well correlated with the structural and chemical properties of the catalyst. Moreover, the catalyst was stable for four consecutive oxidation reactions without appreciable loss of catalytic activity.
Saha, S., & Abd Hamid, S. B. (2017). CuZrO3 nanoparticles catalyst in aerobic oxidation of vanillyl alcohol. RSC Advances, 7(16), 9914–9925. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ra26370d