A small soluble cytochrome c-554 purified from Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b has been purified and analyzed by amino acid sequencing, mass spectrometry, visible, CD and EPR spectroscopies. It is found to be a mono heme protein with a characteristic cytochrome c fold, thus fitting into the class of cytochrome c(2), which is the bacterial homologue of mitochondrial cytochrome c. The heme iron has a Histidine/Methionine axial ligation and exhibits a highly anisotropic/axial low spin (HALS) EPR signal, with a g(max) at 3.40, and ligand field parameters V/ξ = 0.99, Δ/ξ = 4.57. This gives the rhombicity V/Δ = 0.22. The structural basis for this HALS EPR signal in Histidine/Methionine ligated hemes is not resolved. The ligand field parameters observed for cytochrome c-554 fits the observed pattern for other cytochromes with similar ligation and EPR behaviour.
Harbitz, E., & Andersson, K. K. (2011). Cytochrome c-554 from methylosinus trichosporium OB3b; a protein that belongs to the cytochrome c2 family and exhibits a HALS-type EPR signal. PLoS ONE, 6(7). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022014