Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) and progressive muscular atrophy (PMA) are associated with IgM monoclonal gammopathy or the presence IgM anti-GM1-antibodies. To further investigate the pathophysiology of MMN and PMA we determined concentrations of 16 mainly B-cell associated inflammatory markers in serum from 25 patients with MMN, 55 patients with PMA, 25 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and 50 healthy controls. Median serum concentrations of the 16 tested cytokines and chemokines were not significantly increased in patients with MMN or patients with PMA, irrespective of the presence of IgM monoclonal gammopathy or high IgM anti-GM1 antibodies. These results argue against a systemic B-cell mediated immune response underlying the pathogenesis of MMN and PMA.
Vlam, L., Stam, M., de Jager, W., Cats, E. A., van den Berg, L. H., & van der Pol, W. L. (2015). Cytokine profiles in multifocal motor neuropathy and progressive muscular atrophy. Journal of Neuroimmunology, 286, 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroim.2015.06.008