The concept of safety culture and its component elements and scales, and the relationship between safety culture and safety performance are the basic problems of the safety culture. In this paper the basic problems of safety culture on the basis of literature reviews were introduced. First, the concept of safety culture was defined as safety management items, making the border of safety culture construction clearly. Second, 32 safety culture elements were put forward by modifying, improving the study of Jim Stewart and combined with our national conditions and cultural background. It had been proved by experience that these elements are key factors influencing safety performance. Safety culture can be either qualitative or quantitative described, and the quantitative measurement can conducive to the improvement in the safety management and safety performance. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
He, A., Xu, S., & Fu, G. (2012). Study on the basic problems of safety culture. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 43, pp. 245–249). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.08.042