This study evaluated the efficacy of a washing process with cyclodextrin in combination with ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) for the simultaneous mobilization of heavy metals and PCBs from a field contaminated soil. Ultrasonically aided mixing of the field contaminated soil with a combination of cyclodextrin solution (10%, w/v) and a sparing quantity (2 mmol) of EDTA, simultaneously mobilized appreciable quantities of PCBs and much of the analyte metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn) burdens. Relative to the action of individual reagents, a combination of randomly methylated (RAMEB) or hydroxypropyl β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) with EDTA did not alter the PCB extraction efficiency nor did the presence of cyclodextrin change the efficiency of mobilization of most heavy metals (Al, Cd, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn) but did increase the recovery of Cu and Pb modestly. Three sonication-washes with the same charge of reagents mobilized appreciable quantities of PCBs (40-76%) and quantitatively extracted the labile fraction of Cd, Cu, Mn, and Pb. RAMEB proved to be more efficient than HPCD for PCB extractions. Three successive extractions with a single charge of cyclodextrin mobilized almost as much PCB (RAMEB, 76%; HPCD, 40%) as did the companion extractions that used fresh reagents each time (RAMEB, 78%; HPCD, 42%). Collectively, these studies demonstrated that PCB compounds and selected heavy metals can be co-extracted efficiently from soil with three successive washes with the same washing suspension containing EDTA and cyclodextrin. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ehsan, S., Prasher, S. O., & Marshall, W. D. (2007). Simultaneous mobilization of heavy metals and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) compounds from soil with cyclodextrin and EDTA in admixture. Chemosphere, 68(1), 150–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.12.018
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