Association among working hours, occupational stress, and presenteeism among wage workers: Results from the second Korean Working Conditions Survey

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Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to identify the association between presenteeism and long working hours, shiftwork, and occupational stress using representative national survey data on Korean workers.Methods: We analyzed data from the second Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS), which was conducted in 2010, in which a total of 6,220 wage workers were analyzed. The study population included the economically active population aged above 15 years, and living in the Republic of Korea. We used the chi-squared test and multivariate logistic regression to test the statistical association between presenteeism and working hours, shiftwork, and occupational stress.Results: Approximately 19% of the workers experienced presenteeism during the previous 12 months. Women had higher rates of presenteeism than men. We found a statistically significant dose-response relationship between working hours and presenteeism. Shift workers had a slightly higher rate of presenteeism than non-shift workers, but the difference was not statistically significant. Occupational stress, such as high job demand, lack of rewards, and inadequate social support, had a significant association with presenteeism.Conclusions: The present study suggests that long working hours and occupational stress are significantly related to presenteeism.

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Jeon, S. H., Leem, J. H., Park, S. G., Heo, Y. S., Lee, B. J., Moon, S. H., … Kim, H. C. (2014). Association among working hours, occupational stress, and presenteeism among wage workers: Results from the second Korean Working Conditions Survey. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 26(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/2052-4374-26-6

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