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Cobalt(II), Zinc(II), Iron(III), and Copper(II) Complexes Bearing Positively Charged Quaternary Ammonium Functionalities: Synthesis, Characterization, Electrochemical Behavior, and SOD Activity

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Abstract

We have synthesized and characterized Co(II) (1), Zn(II) (2), Fe(III) (3) and Cu(II) (4) complexes of 2,2'-[2,6-pyridinediylbis(ethylidyne-1-hydrazinyl-2-ylidene)]bis[N,N,N-trimethyl-2-oxoethanaminium] dichloride (H2LCl2) by NMR, IR, and X-Band EPR spectroscopy, respectively, as well as by single-crystal X-ray structural analysis. H2LCl2 belongs to the class of diacetylpyridine bis(hydrazone) ligands and bears two positively charged quaternary ammonium functionalities. The complexes 1–3 possess a pentagonal-bipyramidal geometry, whereas 4 has square-pyramidal geometry. Redox reactivity and SOD activity of the complexes was studied by means of electrochemical measurements in aqueous-buffer and DMF or DMSO solutions, respectively, as well as by stopped-flow measurements. Complexes 1–3 do not have SOD activity, whereas 4 exhibits a high catalytic rate constant for the superoxide dismutation, kcat = 1.73 × 107 m–1 s–1 (in MOPS buffer solution of pH = 7.4). The results were discussed in terms of complex redox potentials, electrostatic interactions and their spatial distribution, kinetic lability of metal centers, and stability of peroxo intermediates, respectively.

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Stojičkov, M., Sturm, S., Čobeljić, B., Pevec, A., Jevtović, M., Scheitler, A., … Ivanović-Burmazović, I. (2020). Cobalt(II), Zinc(II), Iron(III), and Copper(II) Complexes Bearing Positively Charged Quaternary Ammonium Functionalities: Synthesis, Characterization, Electrochemical Behavior, and SOD Activity. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 2020(35), 3347–3358. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejic.202000415

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