In vivo imaging of reis–bücklers and thiel–behnke corneal dystrophies using anterior segment optical coherence tomography

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate in vivo corneal changes of genetically confirmed Reis–Bücklers corneal dystrophy (RBCD) and Thiel–Behnke corneal dystrophy (TBCD) using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Design: A single-center, prospective, comparative case series. Methods: Seven patients from 3 pedigrees (3 males, 4 females) with RBCD [Arg124Leu (R124L) heterozygous missense mutation of human transforming growth factor beta-induced (TGFBI) gene] and 4 patients from 3 pedigrees (3 males, 1 female) with TBCD [Arg555Gln (R555Q) heterozygous missense mutation of TGFBI gene] were examined. Six patients with RBCD and three patients with TBCD exhibited recurrence after corneal surgery including pene-trating keratoplasty, phototherapeutic keratectomy, and electrolysis. All patients were examined by slit-lamp biomicroscopy followed by AS-OCT. Selected AS-OCT images of the cornea were evaluated qualitatively for changes in shape and degree of light reflection of corneal deposits. Results: Slit-lamp biomicroscopy showed characteristic irregular gray opacities in Bowman’s layer in each dystrophy: a geographic pattern in RBCD and a honeycomb pattern in TBCD. In each dystrophy, distinct characteristic deposits were observed by AS-OCT as a banding lesion in Bowman’s layer and its adjacent epithelium/stroma. In RBCD, the banding lesion was highly reflective and sharply margined at the stroma. In contrast, deposits in TBCD in the same layer showed a saw-tooth pattern toward the epithelium and poorly margined at the stroma. Conclusion: AS-OCT is able to clearly identify characteristic in vivo corneal microstruc-tural changes associated with RBCD and TBCD. As a result, in vivo differentiation of RBCD and TBCD can be achieved.

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Nishino, T., Kobayashi, A., Mori, N., Yokogawa, H., & Sugiyama, K. (2020). In vivo imaging of reis–bücklers and thiel–behnke corneal dystrophies using anterior segment optical coherence tomography. Clinical Ophthalmology, 14, 2601–2607. https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S265136

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