Seroepidemiology of cytomegalovirus infection in pregnant women in Durango City, Mexico

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Abstract

Background: Cytomegalovirus causes congenital infections all around the world. The seroepidemiology of cytomegalovirus infection in pregnant women in Mexico is largely unknown. We sought to determine the seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus infection in pregnant women in Durango City, Mexico; and to determine seroprevalence association with socio-demographic, clinical and behavioral characteristics of pregnant women. Methods: Through a cross-sectional study design, 343 pregnant women were examined for anti-cytomegalovirus IgG and IgM antibodies in Durango City, Mexico. We used a standardized questionnaire to obtain the general characteristics of the pregnant women. Multivariate analysis was performed to determine the association of cytomegalovirus infection with the characteristics of the pregnant women. Results: Anti-CMV IgG and IgM antibodies were detected in 225 (65.6%) and in none of the 343 pregnant women studied, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that CMV exposure was associated with increasing age (OR = 1.67; 95% CI: 1.01-2.76; P = 0.04). Other women characteristics including socioeconomic status, education, blood transfusion, transplantation, sexual promiscuity and number of previous pregnancies or deliveries did not show an association with CMV exposure. Conclusions: This is the first seroepidemiology study of CMV infection in pregnant women in Mexico. A number of known factors associated with CMV infection were not associated with CMV exposure in the women studied. Further studies to determine routes of CMV infection in pregnant women in Mexico are needed.

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Alvarado-Esquivel, C., Hernández-Tinoco, J., Sánchez-Anguiano, L. F., Ramos-Nevárez, A., Cerrillo-Soto, S. M., Estrada-Martínez, S., … Guido-Arreola, C. A. (2014). Seroepidemiology of cytomegalovirus infection in pregnant women in Durango City, Mexico. BMC Infectious Diseases, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-14-484

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