Corrosion inhibition of AZ31 Mg alloy with aqueous vanadate was studied and has been attributed to the pH dependence of vanadate speciation. Immersion in tetrahedral coordinated vanadate species, present in neutral and alkaline solution, was shown to decrease corrosion current density and increase the breakdown potential, both of which were enhanced with longer immersion times. Exposure to octahedral coordinated vanadate, predominant in acidic solution, only slightly decreased corrosion current density. An acidic solution was adjusted to alkaline conditions and samples were immersed in the adjusted alkaline solution. Inhibition of these samples was weaker than that of samples immersed in initially alkaline solutions. Anodic inhibition was observed on samples treated in solutions containing tetrahedral species. SEM images showed that vanadate formed a film across secondary particles and the Mg matrix, and provided qualitative evidence that inhibition efficiency increased as the pH increased. XPS results indicated that film formation was associated with the reductive adsorption of vanadium oxoions. Exposure at pH 5.0 produced a film predominated by V4+. Exposure at pH values of 7.7 and higher, however, produced a film containing predominantly V3+. Raman analysis confirmed the formation of a vanadate film on the Mg surface after exposure at all pH values. (C) The Author(s) 2018. Published by ECS.
Feng, Z., Hurley, B., Li, J., & Buchheit, R. (2018). Corrosion Inhibition Study of Aqueous Vanadate on Mg Alloy AZ31. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 165(2), C94–C102. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.1171802jes