Abstract Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) represents the most dramatic course of chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) and is closely related to the presence of ventricular arrhythmias and heart disease. Although several aspects of ventricular arrhythmias in CCC have been elucidated in the last decades, such as the role of impaired cardiac autonomic modulation reported in pre-clinical studies, important questions remain unresolved regarding these cardiac problems and SCA. The aim of this article is to discuss recent developments in the understanding of the role played by the autonomic nervous system on arrhythmic events in CCC. We draw attention to the neurogenic theory of CCC (“catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy”) and its autoimmune regulation. Finally, we contextualize treatment strategies for Chagas disease considering the prevention of malignant ventricular arrhythmias. The most clinically relevant message from this article may be the high negative predictive value of dysautonomia for SCA in CCC. Nevertheless, there is a long journey from the identification of a potential marker for SCA to its actual use, which will require a common effort by the entire Chagas community.
Pedrosa, R. C. (2020). Dysautonomic Arrhythmogenesis: A Working Hypothesis in Chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy. International Journal of Cardiovascular Sciences. https://doi.org/10.36660/ijcs.20200169