Severe corneal ulcer with progression to endophthalmitis and high-grade bacteremia

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Abstract

Purpose Bacterial sepsis is a common consequence of many infectious processes. Here, we describe a case of a woman with a corneal ulcer who went on to develop group B streptococcal (GBS) endophthalmitis, bacteremia, and eventual loss of the eye. Observations A previously healthy, immunocompetent, middle aged, contact lens wearing female who, after freshwater boating in her contact lenses, developed a red, painful eye. She was initially prescribed an hourly topical steroid by an outside optometrist but worsening of her condition prompted her to present to our Emergency Department. Despite aggressive initial management, the patient went on to develop GBS endophthalmitis, sepsis with high-grade bacteremia, and eventual loss of the eye. Conclusions and importance Eye care providers should exercise caution when prescribing frequent, potent corticosteroids when an infectious etiology is in the differential diagnosis.

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Stryjewski, T. P., Chodosh, J., Kim, I. K., Barshak, M. B., & Miller, J. B. (2017). Severe corneal ulcer with progression to endophthalmitis and high-grade bacteremia. American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports, 6, 30–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2017.02.001

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