Background: The null genotype of GSTM1 have been implicated in gastric cancer risk, but numerous individual studies showed mixed, or even conflicting results. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed. Results: We identified 54 individual studies involving 9,322 cases and 15,118 controls through computer-based searches of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library. It was found that the null genotype of GSTM1 was associated with an increased gastric cancer risk (OR = 1.207, 95% CI: 1.106-1.317, P < 0.001), under the random-effects model (I2: 49.9%, PQ <0.001). From stratification analyses for ethnicity, alcohol drinking, Helicobacter pylori infection, an effect modification of gastric cancer risk was found in the subgroups of ethnicity, smoking status, Helicobacter pylori infection, whereas null result was found in the subgroups of alcohol drinking. We also undertook gene-gene interaction analysis between GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes for gastric cancer risk, and the results indicated that the dual null genotypes of GSTM1 and GSTT1 might elevate the risk of gastric cancer (OR = 1.505, 95% CI: 1.165-1.944, P = 002). Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that the null genotype of GSTM1 may be a important genetic risk factor for gastric cancer development.
Lao, X., Peng, Q., Lu, Y., Li, S., Qin, X., Chen, Z., & Chen, J. (2014). Glutathione S-transferase gene GSTM1, gene-gene interaction, and gastric cancer susceptibility: Evidence from an updated meta-analysis. Cancer Cell International, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12935-014-0127-3