One of the significant problems in the production of ceramic tiles is the very high consumption of natural resources such as clay, feldspar, and quartz. The possibility of replacing part of the formulation of ceramic batches is of great importance. In this research, the possibility of using aplitic granite waste from dimensional stone production was analyzed in detail. The waste is considered a low-cost substitute for feldspar in Serbia. The milled powdery waste was analytically tested to reveal its chemical and mineralogical contents, particle size distribution, and other important properties. The ceramic tiles containing aplitic granite waste (GW) and GW/raw clay mixture (CGW) were hydraulically pressed, and the ceramic and technological properties determined. This waste can act as a filler while forming, drying, and firing, since the high content of quartz helps to control the shrinkage and acts as a fluxing agent in high temperatures due to its feldspathic nature. The waste was found favorable in the production of ceramic tiles, as the gained values of modulus of rupture and water absorption were 28.68 MPa and 1.33%, respectively. The parameters defined in the series of standards EN ISO 10545 were tested on a semi-industrial probe, determining that this combination of materials (without the addition of quartz) may be efficiently used to produce ceramic floor tiles. The usage of what would otherwise be waste material contributes to sustainable management and environmentally friendly solutions by avoiding landfilling, while at the same time it enabling the conservation of scarce natural feldspar deposits.
Vasić, M. V., Mijatović, N., & Radojević, Z. (2022). Aplitic Granite Waste as Raw Material for the Production of Outdoor Ceramic Floor Tiles. Materials, 15(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15093145