The success and risks of spinal surgery depend on a correct diagnosis and detailed knowledge of anatomy. This report provides information on relevant structures of the lumbar spine and possible surgical complications. Anatomical topography and different surgical approaches are described step by step.
Shi, J., Yuan, W., & Sun, J. (2018). Surgical Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine. In Anatomy Atlas and Interpretation of Spine Surgery (pp. 193–281). Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5906-3_4