A chemostat model with general nonmonotone response functions is considered. The nutrient conversion process involves time delay. We show that under certain conditions, when n species compete in the chemostat for a single resource that is allowed to be inhibitory at high concentrations, the competitive exclusion principle holds. In the case of insignificant death rates, the result concerning the attractivity of the single species survival equilibrium already appears in the literature several times (see [H.M. El-Owaidy, M. Ismail, Asymptotic behavior of the chemostat model with delayed response in growth, Chaos Solitons Fractals 13 (2002) 787-795; H.M. El-Owaidy, A.A. Moniem, Asymptotic behavior of a chemostat model with delayed response growth, Appl. Math. Comput. 147 (2004) 147-161; S. Yuan, M. Han, Z. Ma, Competition in the chemostat: convergence of a model with delayed response in growth, Chaos Solitons Fractals 17 (2003) 659-667]). However, the proofs are all incorrect. In this paper, we provide a correct proof that also applies in the case of differential death rates. In addition, we provide a local stability analysis that includes sufficient conditions for the bistability of the single species survival equilibrium and the washout equilibrium, thus showing the outcome can be initial condition dependent. Moreover, we show that when the species specific death rates are included, damped oscillations may occur even when there is no delay. Thus, the species specific death rates might also account for the damped oscillations in transient behavior observed in experiments. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Wang, L., & Wolkowicz, G. S. K. (2006). A delayed chemostat model with general nonmonotone response functions and differential removal rates. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 321(1), 452–468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmaa.2005.08.014