Dendritic design as an archetype for growth patterns in nature: fractal and constructal views

  • Miguel A
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Abstract

The occurrence of configuration (design, shape, structure, rhythm) is a universal phenomenon that occurs in every flow system. Dendritic configuration (or tree-shaped configurations) is ubiquitous in nature and likely to arise in both animate and inanimate flow systems. Why is it so important? Is there a principle from which this configuration can be deduced? In this review paper we show that these systems own two of the most important properties of fractals that are self-similarity and scaling. Their configuration do not develop by chance. It´s occurrence is a universal phenomenon of physics covered by a principle. Here we also show that the emergence of dendritic configuration in flow systems constitutes a basic supportive flow path along which “order” need to persist is propagated.

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Miguel, A. F. (2014). Dendritic design as an archetype for growth patterns in nature: fractal and constructal views. Frontiers in Physics, 2. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphy.2014.00009

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