The main objective of this research is to understand the prevalence of depression in hemodialysis patients and what is its relationship with body image and sexuality. The sample consisted of 67 hemodialysis patients (39 men and 28 women) with a mean age of 67.2 years (SD = 13.43). For data collection a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Portuguese version of the Beck Depression Inventory II, the Portuguese version of the Body Image Scale and the subscale of Satisfaction with Sexuality were used. It was found that the educational level and body dissatisfaction seem to have an important role in the development of depression, with participants with lower educational levels and more dissatisfied with their body to report higher levels of depression. A negative association between age and body dissatisfaction was found. There were no sex effects in any of the variables studied. A negative impact of hemodialysis in depression, body dissatisfaction and satisfaction with sexuality was also found. These results emphasize the importance of intervention in the chronic renal failure population of undergoing hemodialysis, especially in body dissatisfaction and depression. With regard to sexuality, although in our study associations with other variables were not found, it seems to be a dimension deserving attention in a more extensive sample in order to better understand their impact and relationship with other psychological dimensions.
Carvalho, A. R., & Barbosa, M. R. (2016). A depressão nos doentes hemodialisados: o papel da satisfação corporal e da sexualidade. Revista Portuguesa de Saude Publica, 34(2), 144–153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rpsp.2016.02.002