Dermatophytosis caused by Microsporum gypseum is rare, especially in infants, with few published cases. Diagnosis in this age group is frequently delayed. We review the literature and report 4 new cases of tinea of glabrous skin caused by M. gypseum mimicking eczema in infants. Considering new and previously reported cases, half of patients were exposed to sand, emphasizing the importance of this transmission vehicle in this age group. In conclusion, although rare, dermatophytosis by M. gypseum should be part of the differential diagnosis of inflammatory dermatosis in infants. A clinical suspicion and the availability of culture are keys to the diagnosis.
Souza, B. da S., Sartori, D. S., de Andrade, C., Weisheimer, E., & Kiszewski, A. E. (2016, November 1). Dermatophytosis caused by microsporum gypseum in infants: Report of four cases and review of the literature. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia. Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia. https://doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20165044