DNA markers are used not only to estimate genetic similarity and distance but also to select and identify desirable forms, to assess the adjustment of breeding material, to confirm crossbreeding efficiency, to determine seed purity, and to identify the genes which determine important functional traits. In the case of oat, DNA markers were used to construct and increase the density of genetic maps both in hexaploid and diploid species. The development of markers for some important traits provides a fast selection of genotypes containing dwarf genes as well as the resistance genes to crown rust and powdery mildew. Numerous analyses of genetic similarity between different species belonging to the genus <i>Avena</i> which are currently carried out may contribute to explaining the process of evolution within this genus and may also explain the development of particular species of oat.
Okoń, S., & Kowalczyk, K. (2012). Description of DNA analysis techniques and their application in oat (Avena L.) genome research. Acta Agrobotanica, 65(1), 3–10. https://doi.org/10.5586/aa.2012.037