Design, synthesis and solution structure of a renin inhibitor Structural constraints from NOE, and homonuclear and heteronuclear coupling constants combined with distance geometry calculations

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Abstract

A macrocyclic renin inhibitor was designed using molecular modeling and a model of human renin. The synthesized molecule displayed poor binding affinity. To investigate the reasons for the observed inactivity, the structure of the compound has been studied by NMR spectroscopy and distance geometry. Structural constraints for distance geometry calculations were derived from nuclear Overhauser effects and homonuclear and heteronuclear three bond coupling constants. Homonuclear coupling constants were measured directly from the resolution-enhanced proton spectra and heteronuclear coupling constants were measured from the natural abundance 15N- and 13C-edited TOCSY experiments. One φ angle was determined uniquely by this method and two were reduced to two possible values each. By using a statistical analysis of 400 structures generated with distance geometry, two families of structures were found to be consistent with the NMR data. The solution structures so derived were different from the originally designed structure, including an internal hydrogen bond. This provides a possible explanation for the lack of effectiveness of this compound. © 1992.

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Reily, M. D., Thanabal, V., Lunney, E. A., Repine, J. T., Humblet, C. C., & Wagner, G. (1992). Design, synthesis and solution structure of a renin inhibitor Structural constraints from NOE, and homonuclear and heteronuclear coupling constants combined with distance geometry calculations. FEBS Letters, 302(1), 97–103. https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-5793(92)80293-P

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