Detection of oviposition-deterring larval tracks in Chrysopa oculata and Chrysopa perla (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae)

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Abstract

We investigated the ability of females of the aphidophagous chrysopids Chrysopa oculata and Chrysopa perla to distinguish clean substrates from substrates with tracks of chrysopid first instars after ablation of various sensory organs potentially involved in the detection of oviposition-deterring semiochemicals (ODSCs). Also studied were effects of storage time on the degree of oviposition deterrence of substrates contaminated by larvae and by extracts of ODSC in intact females. C. oculata and C. perla laid significantly fewer eggs on substrates with conspecific larval tracks than on simultaneously provided clean substrates. Females of both chrysopids could perceive ODSCs solely through sense organs on the head. The oviposition of each species was significantly lower on contaminated than on clean substrates when any kind of sense organ on the head was completely removed, i.e. antennae, maxillary palpi, or labial palpi. C. oculata could still effectively differentiate substrates after ablation of both maxillary and labial palpi, indicating possible detection of volatiles via the antennae during flight. Only if all three pairs of sensory appendages were removed did females lay similar numbers of eggs on both substrates. In contrast, C. perla laid similar numbers of eggs on clean substrates and substrates with either conspecific or C. oculata larval tracks when maxillary and labial palpi were removed. Substrates with tracks of first instars of C. perla deterred C. oculata from oviposition after one year and conspecific females after 1.5 years from contamination. Both species laid significantly fewer eggs on substrates with tracks of C. oculata first instars than on clean substrates even after three years. Tracks of C. oculata third instars did not deter conspecific females more than tracks of first instars. ODSCs from tracks were easily extracted with water. Thus, precipitation is likely to reduce deterrent effects of contaminated plants. Chloroform extract from C. oculata first instars strongly deterred conspecific females from oviposition. Even after 725 days of storage, we found no statistically significant decline in the effect. The extract could be used to redirect egg laying from constructional parts of rearing cages to exchangeable oviposition substrates in mass rearing of chrysopids used for biological control. The hexane extract of third instars was inactive. © 2003 Institute of Entomology.

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APA

Růžička, Z. (2010). Detection of oviposition-deterring larval tracks in Chrysopa oculata and Chrysopa perla (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). European Journal of Entomology, 107(1), 65–72. https://doi.org/10.14411/eje.2010.008

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