The present work describes a highly precise and sensitive method developed to detect cocaine (COC), benzoylecgonine (BE, its main metabolite) and cocaethylene (CE, transesterification product of the coingestion of COC with ethanol) in human head hair samples. The method was based on an alkylchloroformate derivatization of benzoylecgonine and the extraction of the analytes by solid-phase microextraction (SPME). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to identify and quantify the analytes in selected ion monitoring mode (SIM). The limits of quantification and detection (LOQ and LOD) were: 0.1ng/mg for COC and CE, and 0.5ng/mg for BE. Good inter- and intra-assay precision was observed. The dynamic range of the assay was 0.1-50ng/mg. The method is not time consuming and was shown to be easy to perform. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Pereira De Toledo, F. C., Yonamine, M., De Moraes Moreau, R. L., & Silva, O. A. (2003). Determination of cocaine, benzoylecgonine and cocaethylene in human hair by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences, 798(2), 361–365. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2003.10.008