Determination of colloidally-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fresh water using C 18 solid phase extraction disks

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Abstract

A new application of reversed-phase octadecyl (C 18 ) solid phase extraction disks has been developed to separate the colloidally-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from those that were truly dissolved in the samples of fresh water. A correction for the retention of small amounts of colloidal material on the C 18 disks was required, which would have otherwise lead to minor underestimates in the degree of partitioning between the two phases. Using the humic substance Aldrich Humic Acid (AHA) as a model colloid and the 16 PAHs on the US Enrivonmental Protection Agency priority pollutant list, the partitioning coefficients of the PAHs between the colloidal and truly dissolved phases were shown to be proportional to the hydrophobicity of the PAHs, as measured by their octanol water partition coefficients (K ow ). The values for the partition coefficients obtained (cK′ doc ) were similar to those previously reported in the literature using alternative methods, confirming that the technique was producing acceptable results. The technique allows the in situ partitioning of PAHs between the truly dissolved and colloidal phases in fresh water bodies to be determined. It will provide an invaluable cross-check of the laboratory-based methods which often require substantial manipulation of the sample and potentially alter the partitioning between the phases. © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Brown, J. N., & Peake, B. M. (2003). Determination of colloidally-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fresh water using C 18 solid phase extraction disks. Analytica Chimica Acta, 486(2), 159–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(03)00472-0

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