Determination of the nucleosides and nucleobases in Tuber samples by dispersive solid-phase extraction combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

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Abstract

A simple, fast and inexpensive method based on dispersive solid phase extraction (DSPE) combined with LC-MS was developed for simultaneous determination of 7 nucleosides and nucleobases (i.e., adenine, hypoxanthine, uridine, adenosine, guanine, guanosine, and inosine) in Tuber fruiting-bodies and fermentation mycelia. The DSPE procedure was firstly introduced to remove the protein interference from sample solutions, and D3520 macroporous resin was chosen as the DSPE sorbent because of its high removal capability on protein interferences, but low adsorption rate on analytes. Besides, key parameters on DSPE procedure (i.e., macroporous resin type, macroporous resin amount, methanol concentration, and vortex time) were optimized, and the protein removal efficacy could achieve about 95% after the process optimization. Though the method validation test, the DSPE-LC-MS method was confirmed to be precise, accurate and sensitive, and the column blinding problem was solved successfully. By using this established method, the total amount of nucleosides and nucleobases in the fermentation mycelia was determined to range from 4881.5 to 12,592.9μgg-1, which was about 2-25 times higher than the fruiting-bodies (from 498.1 to 2274.1μgg-1). The formulation of nucleosides and nucleobases in the fermentation mycelia maintained relatively constant, while the formulation in Tuber fruiting-bodies varied significantly with their species. Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) showed the formulation similarity of nucleosides and nucleobases between Tuber fermentation mycelia and the fruiting-bodies of Tuber indicum and Tuber himalayense. From the viewpoint of nucleosides and nucleobases, this work confirms the potentiality of Tuber fermentation mycelia as the alternative resource for its fruiting-bodies. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

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Liu, P., Li, Y. Y., Li, H. M., Wan, D. J., & Tang, Y. J. (2011). Determination of the nucleosides and nucleobases in Tuber samples by dispersive solid-phase extraction combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta, 687(2), 159–167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2010.12.025

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