The Poisson ratio (PR) is a fundamental mechanical parameter that approximates the ratio of relative change in cross sectional area to tensile elongation. However, the PR of extraocular muscle (EOM) is almost never measured because of experimental constraints. The problem was overcome by determining changes in EOM dimensions using computed X-ray tomography (CT) at microscopic resolution during tensile elongation to determine transverse strain indicated by the change in cross-section. Fresh bovine EOM specimens were prepared. Specimens were clamped in a tensile fixture within a CT scanner (SkyScan, Belgium) with temperature and humidity control and stretched up to 35% of initial length. Sets of 500-800 contiguous CT images were obtained at 10-micron resolution before and after tensile loading. Digital 3D models were then built and discretized into 6-8-micron-thick elements. Changes in longitudinal thickness of each microscopic element were determined to calculate strain. Green's theorem was used to calculate areal strain in transverse directions orthogonal to the stretching direction. The mean PR from discretized 3D models for every microscopic element in 14 EOM specimens averaged 0.457±0.004 (SD). The measured PR of bovine EOM is thus near the limit of incompressibility. © 2013 Hansang Kim et al.
Kim, H., Yoo, L., Shin, A., & Demer, J. L. (2013). Determination of poisson ratio of bovine extraocular muscle by computed X-ray tomography. BioMed Research International, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/197479