From the standpoint of early interventions for dementia, a convenient method of diagnosis using biomarkers is required for Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the early stage as well as amnesic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Focusing on differences in DNA methylation due to AD and aMCI, in the present study, we first conducted genome-wide screening, measuring blood DNA methylation levels by the Illumina Infinium HD Methylation Assay in 3 small age-and gender-matched groups consisting of 4 subjects each: normal controls (NC), aMCI and AD. The genome-wide analysis produced 11 DNA methylation loci that distinguished the 3 groups. For confirmation, we increased group sizes and examined samples by pyrosequencing which revealed that DNA methylation in the NCAPH2/LMF2 promoter region was significantly decreased in the AD (n = 30) and aMCI (n = 28) groups as compared to the NC group (n = 30) (P < 0.0001, ANCOVA). No association was found between methylation levels and APOE genotype. NCAPH2/LMF2 methylation levels were considered to potentially be a convenient and useful biomarker for diagnosis of AD and aMCI.
Kobayashi, N., Shinagawa, S., Nagata, T., Shimada, K., Shibata, N., Ohnuma, T., … Kondo, K. (2016). Development of biomarkers based on DNA methylation in the NCAPH2/LMF2 promoter region for diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease and amnesic mild cognitive impairment. PLoS ONE, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146449