The production of hardened precision parts is conventionally done in 3 steps. Rough machining of a workpiece in soft stage is followed by a hardening step, usually a batch process, and finalized by a hard machining finishing step. To omit the inevitable time delay and loss of accuracy because of part re-clamping, these steps should be incorporated within one flexible machining center. This paper describes the development of this machining center which allows machining and laser hardening in one setup, followed by a proof of concept for hardening C45 steel on this setup.
Bouquet, J., Van Camp, D., Vanhove, H., Clijsters, S., Amirahmad, M., & Lauwers, B. (2014). Development of a flexible laser hardening & machining center and proof of concept on C-45 steel. In Physics Procedia (Vol. 56, pp. 1083–1093). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2014.08.021