Development and growth of the early juveniles of the spider crab Maja squinado (Brachyura: Majoidea) in an individual culture system

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Abstract

The spider crab Maja squinado is an endangered Mediterranean species; therefore, culturing it successfully is essential for developing restocking programs. The survival, growth and development of post-larval stages (juvenile crabs, C1-C8) were studied using larvae obtained from adult individuals collected in the Catalan Sea. The juvenile crab stages were cultured individually from a megalopal stage using a semi-open recirculation system to obtain the precise growth data of each juvenile crab stage until C8. Development up to C8 at 20°C lasted 154 ± 10. days. Survival from C1 to C8 was 5.8%. Moult increment values in cephothoracic length were similar in all the crab stages (21-35%). Intermoult duration (9 ± 1 in C1-C2 to 51 ± 8. days in C7-C8) increased sharply from juvenile stage 5. Males and females can be distinguished from C4 based on sexual dimorphism in the pleopods and the presence of gonopores. The allometric growth of the pleon is sex-dependent from C4, with females showing positive allometry and males isometric growth. The juvenile growth rate was lower compared with that of the previously studied Atlantic species Maja brachydactyla. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

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Guerao, G., & Rotllant, G. (2010). Development and growth of the early juveniles of the spider crab Maja squinado (Brachyura: Majoidea) in an individual culture system. Aquaculture, 307(1–2), 105–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.06.006

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