An upper ontology tries to express theoretical and common concepts which are same across domains. A fundamental upper ontology defining the concept of reality is devised here and is referred to as super ontology. This super ontology is based on the fundamental beliefs and is independent of any specific domain of application and other applications to which it will be put to use in future. We have described the structure of the universe which consists of six substances that are called dravyas. The super ontology will use a unique representation scheme for representing knowledge in its knowledge base having a uniform code of structure of an Extended Hierarchical Censored Production Rule (EHCPR). The basic idea behind the EHCPRs is to simulate densely interconnected neurons inside a computer memory (through a set of interconnected EHCPRs here) so as to make the system learn things, recognize patterns, record changes and make decisions in real time.
Malik, S., Mishra, S., Jain, N. K., & Jain, S. (2015). Devising a Super Ontology. In Procedia Computer Science (Vol. 70, pp. 785–792). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2015.10.118