Structural characterization and emulsifying properties of polysaccharides of Acacia mearnsii de Wild gum

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Abstract

Polysaccharides (GNF) from Acacia mearnsii de Wild gum exudates, collected from trees growing in the south of Brazil, were characterized (13C and HSQC NMR, GC-MS, colorimetric assays). A commercial gum arabic (GAC) was analyzed similarly and compared with GNF. There were differences, consistent with distinct behavior in tensiometry tests and as emulsion stabilizer. GNF had a higher protein content than GAC, with small differences in the monosaccharide composition, the greater one being the lower uronic acid content of GNF (4%), compared with GAC (17%). GNF had a much broader molecular mass distribution, Mw/Mn, and a lower Mw. GNF was more efficient in lowering the surface tension of water and saline solutions and was more efficient in emulsifying castor oil droplets. Results were discussed taking into account structural and molecular differences between the studied gums. It was concluded that polysaccharides from A. mearnsii de Wild are candidates as substitutes of currently commercialized arabic gums (Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal) having, depending on their application, improved properties. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Grein, A., Da Silva, B. C., Wendel, C. F., Tischer, C. A., Sierakowski, M. R., Moura, A. B. D., … Riegel-Vidotti, I. C. (2013). Structural characterization and emulsifying properties of polysaccharides of Acacia mearnsii de Wild gum. Carbohydrate Polymers, 92(1), 312–320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.09.041

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