Diffraction data acquisition is the final experimental stage of the crystal structure analysis. All subsequent steps involve mainly computer calculations. Optimally measured and accurate data make the structure solution and refinement easier and lead to more faithful interpretation of the final models. Here, the important factors in data collection from macromolecular crystals are discussed and strategies appropriate for various applications, such as molecular replacement, anomalous phasing, and atomic-resolution refinement are presented. Criteria useful for judging the diffraction data quality are also discussed.
Dauter, Z. (2017). Collection of X-ray diffraction data from macromolecular crystals. In Methods in Molecular Biology (Vol. 1607, pp. 165–184). Humana Press Inc. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7000-1_7