Management for patients with diabetes experiencing myocardial infarction remains a challenge. Here the authors show that hyperglycemia- and hyperinsulinemia-induced microRNA-24 (miR-24) reduction and O-GlcNAcylation in the diabetic heart contribute to poor survival and increased infarct size in diabetic myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). In a mouse model of myocardial I/R, pharmacological or genetic overexpression of miR-24 in hearts significantly reduced myocardial infarct size. Experimental validation revealed that miR-24 targets multiple key proteins, including O-GlcNac transferase, ATG4A, and BIM, to coordinately protect the myocardium from I/R injury. These results establish miR-24 as a promising therapeutic candidate for diabetic I/R injury.
Wang, D., Hu, X., Lee, S. H., Chen, F., Jiang, K., Tu, Z., … Xiang, Y. (2018). Diabetes Exacerbates Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury by Down-Regulation of MicroRNA and Up-Regulation of O-GlcNAcylation. JACC: Basic to Translational Science, 3(3), 350–362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacbts.2018.01.005