Diagnostic laparoscopy in a twelve year old girl with right iliac fossa pain: A life changing diagnosis of complete androgen insensitivity syndrome

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Abstract

Introduction Right iliac fossa (RIF) pain is one of the most common presenting complaints faced by general surgeons in the emergency department. Correct diagnosis and appropriate surgical intervention can often pose a challenge. Presentation of Case A 12-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with a four day history of initially central acute abdominal pain, now localised in the RIF. During laparoscopy, the following findings were made: macroscopically dilated appendix, right and left gonads at the internal opening of the inguinal canal, empty pelvis with a rudimentary uterus on the right side. No evidence of fallopian tubes or connection of uterus to the vagina and broad based, non-inflamed Meckel's diverticulum. An incidental diagnosis of complete androgen insensitivity syndrome was made. Discussion Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is a disorder of hormone resistance characterised by a female phenotype in an individual with an XY karyotype and testes producing age-appropriate normal concentrations of androgens. Conclusion This case report highlights the advantage of laparoscopy as a diagnostic and treatment tool in a twelve year old girl with multiple intra-abdominal findings. While the ultimate diagnosis responsible for her symptom of RIF pain was acute appendicitis, the additional diagnosis of CAIS and incidental Meckel's would have otherwise likely gone undetected. © 2014 The Authors.

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APA

Meshkat, B., Matcovici, M., Buckley, C., Salama, M., & Perthiani, H. K. (2014). Diagnostic laparoscopy in a twelve year old girl with right iliac fossa pain: A life changing diagnosis of complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, 5(8), 505–508. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2014.03.008

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