Diagnostic value of programmed ventricular stimulation in patients with bifascicular block: A prospective study of patients with and without syncope

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Abstract

Objectives.: The aim of this study was to examine the inducibility of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with bifascicular block both with and without a history of syncope and to relate the findings to clinical events during follow-up. Background.: Patients with bifascicular block have an increased risk of sudden death that is not reduced by pacemaker treatment. This risk could be related to a high incidence of ventricular arrhythmias. Method.: Programmed ventricular stimulation was performed in 101 patients with bifascicular block; 41 had a history of unexplained syncope, and 60 were asymptomatic. Results.: Programmed ventricular stimulation resulted in a sustained ventricular arrhythmia in 18 patients (18%), 8 in the syncope group and 10 in the nonsyncope group (p = NS). Three patients in each group had an inducible sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. During a mean follow-up of 21 months, 10 patients experienced a clinical event defined as sudden death (n = 4), syncope (n = 5) or appropriate discharges from an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (n = 1). Only one of these patients had an inducible ventricular arrhythmia at baseline. Conclusions.: The inducibility of ventricular arrhythmias is high in patients with bifascicular block and of the same magnitude in patients with and without a history of syncope. Clinical events during follow-up were not predicted by programmed ventricular stimulation in either of the two groups. The finding of inducible ventricular arrhythmia in patients with bifascicular block should therefore be interpreted with caution. © 1995 American College of Cardiology.

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APA

Englund, A., Bergfeldt, L., Rehnqvist, N., Åström, H., & Rosenqvist, M. (1995). Diagnostic value of programmed ventricular stimulation in patients with bifascicular block: A prospective study of patients with and without syncope. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 26(6), 1508–1515. https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-1097(95)00354-1

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