It is known that the dietary pattern and macronutrients profile may influence the expression and secretion of inflammatory biomarkers, and the low-grade inflammation is associated with the manifestation of noncommunicable chronic diseases. Therefore, this review aimed to present and discuss the role of dietary patterns and macronutrients on the variation of inflammatory markers related to NCD risk. Scientific evidences within the last five years based on clinical trials, case-controls, cohorts, and cross-sectional studies indicate that normocaloric, carbohydrate-moderated, low-glycemic index, protein-moderated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acid-rich, omega-3, and low-saturated fat diets display positive effects on the inflammatory state, both in healthy individuals and in those with cardiovascular risk, although the second group seems to benefit more from changes in the dietary profile.
Silveira, B. K. S., Oliveira, T. M. S., Andrade, P. A., Hermsdorff, H. H. M., Rosa, C. de O. B., & Franceschini, S. do C. C. (2018). Dietary Pattern and Macronutrients Profile on the Variation of Inflammatory Biomarkers: Scientific Update. Cardiology Research and Practice, 2018, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4762575