Objective To analyze the scientific literature on dietary changes in preterm children during the first years of life. Data source The PubMed database was used for article selection. The texts were analyzed according to their objectives, research design, and research group characteristics. The following were selected to comprise the criteria: (1) publications in the period from 1996 to 2014; (2) participation of infants and children from birth to 10 years of age; (3) development of oral motor skills necessary for feeding; (4) development of the feeding process; and (5) feeding difficulties during childhood. Summary of the findings There were 282 studies identified, of which 17 were used in the review, and five more articles were identified through the reference list of selected articles, totaling 22 references. Conclusion Very low birth weight preterm newborns are more likely to have feeding problems in early postnatal stages and during childhood when compared with full-term infants. Monitoring the feeding of these infants after hospital discharge is strictly recommended in an early intervention program aiming at better development of feeding skills.
Pagliaro, C. L., Bühler, K. E. B., Ibidi, S. M., & Limongi, S. C. O. (2016, January 1). Dietary transition difficulties in preterm infants: Critical literature review. Jornal de Pediatria. Elsevier Editora Ltda. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2015.05.004