Diferenças regionais entre os fatores associados ao beber e dirigir no Brasil

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate regional differences and similarities associated with drinking and driving (DUI) in the five Brazilian macro-regions. Method: A roadside survey was conducted in the 27 Brazilian state capitals. A total of 3,398 drivers were randomly selected and given a structured interview and a breathalyzer test. To determine the predictors of positive blood alcohol concentration (BAC) in each region, a MANOVA was performed, and 3 groups were used as follows: 1) North and Northeast, 2) South and Midwest, and 3) Southeast. A Poisson robust regression model was performed to assess the variables associated with positive BAC in each group. Results: Of all surveyed drivers, 2,410 had consumed alcohol in the previous 12 months. Most were male, with a median age of 36. Leisure as the reason for travel was associated with positive BAC in all 3 groups. Low schooling, being older than 30, driving cars or motorcycles and having been given a breathalyzer test at least once in their lives predicted DUI in at least two different groups. Conclusions: Factors, especially low schooling and leisure as a reason for travel, associated with drinking and driving were similar among regions, although certain region-specific features were observed. This information is important for aiming to reduce DUI in the country. ©2012 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

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De Boni, R., von Diemen, L., Duarte, P. do C. A. V., Bumaguin, D. B., Hilgert, J. B., Bozzetti, M. C., … Pechansky, F. (2012). Diferenças regionais entre os fatores associados ao beber e dirigir no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 34(3), 306–313. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbp.2012.02.003

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