Difficulties in the diagnosis of four repeats (4R) tauopathic parkinsonian syndromes

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Abstract

Corticobasal Degeneration Degeneration (CBD) and Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) are types of four repeats (4R) tauopathies, which are associated to parkinsonian syndromes. The aim of the work is to analyze cases of patients of the Department of Neurology, overlapping of syndromes related to both pathologies and to show that most likely CBS and PSP are not lineary related to their commonly associated syndromes i.e. adequately corticobasal syndromes and progressive supranuclear palsy syndromes. In the context of each patient factors in favor of most likely CBS, PSP or both diseases are discussed and analyzed using contemporary criteria. This work discusses multidimensional aspect of the examination of five patient aged 64 to 83 – 4 females and 1 male with 4R tauopathies and difficulties in distinguishing both diseases. The duration of the disease varied from 1 to 5 years. Each patient after neurological examination was assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and psychological test. Examination of all patients was extended using single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) to reveal the usefulness of this tool in differentiation of diseases was done. The outcome of this examination was verified with prior clinical manifestation of patients and morphological abnormalities in magnetic resonance imaging. Autopsies were not conducted.

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Alster, P., Krzyżanowska, E., Koziorowski, D., Szlufik, S., Różański, D., Noskowska, J., … Friedman, A. (2018). Difficulties in the diagnosis of four repeats (4R) tauopathic parkinsonian syndromes. Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska, 52(4), 459–464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pjnns.2018.06.002

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