Diffusion-weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging for differentiating high-grade glioma from solitary brain metastasis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of high-grade glioma and solitary brain metastasis is clinically important because it affects the patient's outcome and alters patient management. PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of DWI and DTI for differentiating high-grade glioma from solitary brain metastasis. DATA SOURCES: A literature search of Ovid MEDLINE and EMBASE was conducted up to November 10, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies evaluating the diagnostic performance of DWI and DTI for differentiating high-grade glioma from solitary brain metastasis were selected. DATA ANALYSIS: Summary sensitivity and specificity were established by hierarchic logistic regression modeling. Multiple subgroup analyses were also performed. DATA SYNTHESIS: Fourteen studies with 1143 patients were included. The individual sensitivities and specificities of the 14 included studies showed a wide variation, ranging from 46.2% to 96.0% for sensitivity and 40.0% to 100.0% for specificity. The pooled sensitivity of both DWI and DTI was 79.8% (95% CI, 70.9%-86.4%), and the pooled specificity was 80.9% (95% CI, 75.1%-85.5%). The area under the hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.87 (95% CI, 0.84-0.89). The multiple subgroup analyses also demonstrated similar diagnostic performances (sensitivities of 76.8%-84.7% and specificities of 79.7%-84.0%). There was some level of heterogeneity across the included studies (I(2) = 36%); however, it did not reach a level of concern. LIMITATIONS: The included studies used various DWI and DTI parameters. CONCLUSIONS: DWI and DTI demonstrated a moderate diagnostic performance for differentiation of high-grade glioma from solitary brain metastasis.

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Suh, C. H., Kim, H. S., Jung, S. C., & Kim, S. J. (2018). Diffusion-weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging for differentiating high-grade glioma from solitary brain metastasis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 39(7), 1208–1214. https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5650

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