This study describes the digestive enzyme profiles from foregut contents of the blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus (L.), from Straits of Johor, Malaysia. Adult male (mature and immature) and female (ovarian maturation stages 1–4) blue swimming crabs were assayed for the presence of digestive enzymes (protease, trypsin, amylase and lipase) in the foregut. The results show that in some instances, significant differences in enzyme activities were observed between the sexes of P. pelagicus. Protease, trypsin, and amylase were detected in all gonad maturation stages, suggesting that crabs including immature males can readily digest dietary protein and carbohydrates, but not lipids. Trypsin (except for ovarian maturation Stage 4) and lipase (ovarian maturation Stage 4 and mature male only) activities were considerably higher than amylase, indicating that dietary proteins and lipids are more important than carbohydrates and, thus, suggests a carnivorous diet. In conclusion, the changes in enzyme activities between the different maturation stages and sexes reflect natural changes in diet and feeding abilities of P. pelagicus.
Abol-Munafi, A. B., Pilus, N., Amin, R. M., Azra, M. N., & Ikhwanuddin, M. (2017). Digestive enzyme profiles from foregut contents of blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus from Straits of Johor, Malaysia. Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences, 24, 120–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaubas.2016.10.004