Diglyceride kinase was purified from membranes of Escherichia coli K-12 using organic solvents. The enzyme apoprotein depended on lipids, such as cardiolipin (diphosphatidylglycerol), phosphatidylcholine or 1-monooleoylglycerol, for activity with 1,2-dipalmitoylglycerol. Mixed brain cerebrosides and gangliosides as well as defined ganglioside fractions and synthetic lactocerebroside were devoid of lipid cofactor activity. However, all these glycosphingolipids were strong inhibitors of activation by phosphatidylcholine. When cardiolipin was used as lipid activator with the detergent, Triton X-100, as solubilizing agent, the addition of mixed or purified gangliosides first (at about 0.4 mM) resulted in additional activation, but higher ganglioside concentrations were strongly inhibitory. Both effects were absolutely dependent on the presence of lipid-bound sialic acid and were not given by cerebrosides, by free sialic acid or by sialyl-lactose. The stimulating and inhibitory effects of glycosphingolipids could also be demonstrated when 1-monooleoylglycerol was used as substrate, lipid activator and solubilizing agent at the same time. The modulation of kinase activity by glycosphingolipids is discussed at the level of lipid/protein interactions. © 1982.
Bohnenberger, E., & Sandermann, H. (1982). Diglyceride kinase from Escherichia coli. Modulation of enzyme activity by glycosphingolipids. BBA - Biomembranes, 685(1), 44–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-2736(82)90033-5