A relatively newly defined xylanase gene, xynR8, was obtained directly from a mixed DNA sample prepared from unpurified rumen fungal cultures by PCR amplification. The DNA sequence of xynR8 revealed that the gene was 884 bp in size and encoded amino acid sequences with a molecular weight of 27.9 kDa. XynR8 belonged to glycosyl hydrolase family 11, and the catalytic site residues were also found in its amino acid sequence. The main hydrolysis products of XynR8 were xylobiose, xylotriose and xylotetrose, which indicated that it belonged to the endoxylanases. The xynR8 gene was constructed so as to express and secrete under the control of the Lactococcus lactis lac A promoter and its secretion signal, and was transformed into L. reuteri Pg4, a strain isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of broiler chickens. The L. reuteri transformants harboring xynR8 not only acquired the capacity to break down xylan, but also maintained their high adhesion efficiency to mucin and mucus and their resistance to bile salts and acid. © 2005 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Liu, J. R., Yu, B., Lin, S. H., Cheng, K. J., & Chen, Y. C. (2005). Direct cloning of a xylanase gene from the mixed genomic DNA of rumen fungi and its expression in intestinal Lactobacillus reuteri. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 251(2), 233–241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.femsle.2005.08.008