Direct dark matter search by annual modulation in XMASS-I

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Abstract

A search for dark matter was conducted by looking for an annual modulation signal due to the Earth's rotation around the Sun using XMASS, a single phase liquid xenon detector. The data used for this analysis was 359.2 live days times 832 kg of exposure accumulated between November 2013 and March 2015. When we assume Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) dark matter elastically scattering on the target nuclei, the exclusion upper limit of the WIMP-nucleon cross section 4.3×10-41 cm2 at 8 GeV/c2 was obtained and we exclude almost all the DAMA/LIBRA allowed region in the 6 to 16 GeV/c2 range at ~10-40 cm2. The result of a simple modulation analysis, without assuming any specific dark matter model but including electron/γ events, showed a slight negative amplitude. The p-values obtained with two independent analyses are 0.014 and 0.068 for null hypothesis, respectively. We obtained 90% C.L. upper bounds that can be used to test various models. This is the first extensive annual modulation search probing this region with an exposure comparable to DAMA/LIBRA.

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Abe, K., Hiraide, K., Ichimura, K., Kishimoto, Y., Kobayashi, K., Kobayashi, M., … Nakamura, S. (2016). Direct dark matter search by annual modulation in XMASS-I. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 759, 272–276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2016.05.081

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