Diversity and Stability Study on Rice Mutants Induced in Space Environment

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Abstract

To further study the characteristics of changes on the molecular level of rice mutants induced in space environment, we analyzed proteins in leaves and seeds of four rice mutants (two high-tillering and two low-tillering) in the 8th and 9th generations after a 15-day spaceflight, and compared with their ground controls by two-dimentional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and reverse phase liquid chro-matography (RPLC). In addition, the albumin, globulin, prolamine, glutelin, and amylose of the mutant seeds were analyzed by RPLC and ultra-violet spectrometry. The results showed that the low-abundance proteins of leaves in the peak tillering stage are more likely to be induced compared with their corresponding controls. The albumin, globulin, and prolamine of the mutant seeds revealed changes when compared with their controls, and the characteristics of changes in different mutants were stably inherited in the 8th and 9th generations, suggesting that they can be used as bio markers to identity the mutants induced by spaceflight. Moreover, two proteins (SSP9111 and SSP6302) were found to be expressed with high intensity (two-fold change) in different mutants, which were both correlated with photosystem according to mass spectrometry and database searching. © 2008 Beijing Genomics Institute.

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Lu, W. H., Wang, X. Z., Zheng, Q., Guan, S. H., Xin, P., & Sun, Y. Q. (2008). Diversity and Stability Study on Rice Mutants Induced in Space Environment. Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics, 6(1), 51–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1672-0229(08)60020-0

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