© Ma et al. DNMT1 is important in maintaining DNA methylation, and participates in the oncogenesis via up- or down-regulation leading to hyper-methylation or hypomethylation. In the meta and bioinformatic analysis, we found that DNMT1 expression was higher in gastric cancer, compared with normal (p < 0.00001), para-cancerous (p = 0.0004) and dysplasia (p < 0.00001) tissues. DNMT1 up-regulation was associated with gender (OR = 2.27, p = 0.006), differentiation (OR = 0.21, p = 0.01) and TNM stage (OR = 0.31, p = 0.0005). Through TCGA database, DNMT1 overexpression increased gastric cancer risk, but unrelated with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis. Kaplan-Meier plotter showed, an increasing expression of DNMT1 was positive for overall survival rates of patients with stage III and IV (P = 0.044; P = 0.047), N2 and N1-3 phases of lymph node metastasis (P = 0.023; P = 0.032), as well as those with or without distant metastasis (P = 0.0052; P = 0.021). For DNMT1 negative patients, the progression-free survival rates was better in patients with Her2+ or Her2- than positive ones (P = 0.00015; P = 0.031). Besides, surgery alone was effective for the overall survival rates in patients with DNMT1 high expression (P = 0.035), while 5-Fu was useful for those with low expression (P < 0.05). In conclusion, these findings provided evidence that DNMT1 expression might be employed as a potential marker to indicate gastric carcinogenesis and subsequent progression, even prognosis.
Ma, T., Li, H., Sun, M., Yuan, Y., & Sun, L.-P. (2017). DNMT1 overexpression predicting gastric carcinogenesis, subsequent progression and prognosis: a meta and bioinformatic analysis. Oncotarget, 8(56). https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.21480