D-Penicillamine, an amino acid analogue of cysteine, has been shown to inhibit the transactivation of HIV-1 LTR by the transactivator protein, tat protein. The transactivation was studied in Jurkat cells co-transfected with plasmids containing HIV-LTR sequences fused to the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene and HIV tat gene. The expression of CAT activity was a measure of transactivation of LTR by the tat protein. Incubation of transfected Jurkat cells with D-penicillamine led to inhibition of CAT activity. This inhibition was found to be concentration-dependent; more than 90% inhibition of chloramphenicol acetylation was seen in extracts prepared from cultures incubated with 40 μg/ml of D-penicillamine. Earlier experiments have shown that D-penicillamine at 40 μg/ml can completely inhibit HIV-1 (HTLV-III B) replication in H9 cells [(1986) Drug Res. 36, 184-186]. These results suggest that inhibition of transactivation may be the molecular mechanism involved in the inhibition of HIV-1 replication by D-penicillamine. © 1988.
Chandra, A., Demirhan, I., Arya, S. K., & Chandra, P. (1988). D-Penicillamine inhibits transactivation of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) LTR by transactivator protein. FEBS Letters, 236(2), 282–286. https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-5793(88)80038-3