Draft genome sequence of the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis

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Abstract

Abstract (provisional)<br />Background<br /><br />Hevea brasiliensis, a member of the Euphorbiaceae family, is the major commercial source of natural rubber (NR). NR is a latex polymer with high elasticity, flexibility, and resilience that has played a critical role in the world economy since 1876.<br />Results<br /><br />Here, we report the draft genome sequence of H. brasiliensis. The assembly spans ~1.1 Gb of the estimated 2.15 Gb haploid genome. Overall, ~78% of the genome was identified as repetitive DNA. Gene prediction shows 68,955 gene models, of which 12.7% are unique to Hevea. Most of the key genes associated with rubber biosynthesis, rubberwood formation, disease resistance, and allergenicity have been identified.<br />Conclusions<br /><br />The knowledge gained from this genome sequence will aid in the future development of high-yielding clones to keep up with the ever increasing need for natural rubber.

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Rahman, A. Y. A., Usharraj, A. O., Misra, B. B., Thottathil, G. P., Jayasekaran, K., Feng, Y., … Alam, M. (2013). Draft genome sequence of the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis. BMC Genomics, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-14-75

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