Carbamoylation is one of the post-PKS modifications in ansamitocin biosynthesis. A novel ansamitocinoside with carbamoyl substitution at the C-4 hydroxyl group of the N-β-D-glucosyl moiety was identified from the ansamitocin producer, Actinosynnema pretiosum. Through biotransformation, the carbamoyltransferase gene asm21 was suggested to be responsible for the carbamoylation of the glucosyl moiety. Three new derivatives without the backbone carbamoyl group were isolated from an asm21 mutant and characterized by NMR spectroscopy. Among them, 18-O-methyl-19-chloroproansamitocin was the major product and the preferred substrate for macrolactam C-7 carbamoylation by Asm21. However, Asm21 exhibited higher catalytic efficiency toward the glucosyl moiety. Furthermore, the dual carbamoylations and N-glycosylation were precisely demonstrated in vivo. This work represents the first biochemical characterization of an O-carbamoyltransferase performing dual actions on both a polyketide backbone and a glycosyl moiety during ansamitocin biosynthesis. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
Li, Y., Zhao, P., Kang, Q., Ma, J., Bai, L., & Deng, Z. (2011). Dual carbamoylations on the polyketide and glycosyl moiety by Asm21 result in extended ansamitocin biosynthesis. Chemistry and Biology, 18(12), 1571–1580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2011.11.007