Reinforced concrete is the most widely used construction material in the world. The combination of high compres-sive strength, afforded by concrete and, and the excel-lent mechanical properties that characterise steel make it an ideal composite for all manner of structures. One of the main weaknesses of this material, however, is that when the concrete is exposed to aggressive environ-ments, in particular high concentrations of chloride ions or carbon dioxide, reinforcing steel corrodes, shortening service life. This article reviews the state of the art on concrete durability, along with the conditions that affect its useful life by inducing reinforcing steel corrosion. It also discusses the prevention and control methods, in particular electrochemical prevention and rehabilitation techniques, that have been developed to mitigate the problem.
Aguirre, A. M., & Mejía de Gutiérrez, R. (2013). Durabilidad del hormigón armado expuesto a condiciones agresivas. Materiales de Construcción, 63(309), 7–38. https://doi.org/10.3989/mc.2013.00313